How Artificial Intelligence In Policing Helps Crime Detection

Artificial Intelligence is slowly but surely becoming a proficient tool to punish the criminal and also to check unlawful actions. It is no more a concept just to be speculated upon. Many of the Law Enforcing Agencies across the world are using the most up-to-date solutions to prevent crime. One such solution is the ‘facial recognition’ which is being widely implemented in various sectors other than the law to maintain security. Artificial intelligence in policing is a framework which is evaluated with the help of computers. It can also be utilized to make decisions regarding final rulings. It is the technology that holds great promise for the future in crime detection.

The Growth of AI in Crime Detection

These days Law Enforcing Agencies are taking the help of Artificial Intelligence to enhance the workability of their officers. It is turning out to be an indispensable part of the law enforcers or the police as it can support them in various ways. AI technology is used for surveillance, to monitor the crowd for an anomaly, evaluate video footage for crime and apply facial recognition to optimum effect. Artificial intelligence in policing is expected to bring about changes in security and assurance to a society. The most important objective of the police force is to not only to prevent crime but also to solve it.

Artificial Intelligence already, has been a part in various sectors such as transportation, finance, energy, healthcare etc. for fairly good amount of time. In comparison to those sectors, the police forces have adopted AI quite recently. Many countries around the world have come to know its advantages and the potential against the criminals as well as in crime detection. Though, Artificial intelligence in policing is still at the progressive stage but the results are worthy. It has the propensity to deal with almost all kinds of crime for which it is being considered an influential tool. It provides the LEAs the opportunity to concentrate their assets in a particular locality and at a particular time. Before conducting any operation in an area, it is vital to know that piece of land. Such vital information can be procured by the use of Drones equipped with sensors.

An Important Part of AI

One of the most common elements of AI is Facial Recognition. This technology has been applied extensively to receive help for identifying criminals. Many countries have applied facial recognition device like the close-circuit cameras in public areas to identify and apprehend trouble makers. It is also a method to monitor the citizens and catch the criminals while committing any kind of crime. In some cities it is being used for surveillance in sensitive areas like the airport or the railway station. Artificial intelligence in policing brings out positive results which enhances enforcing of the law. Due to which the amount of users for AI has been rising gradually.

Specialization of AI

The police forces use the AI cameras for assistance while surveying scenes of crime. Sometimes the scene of crime spreads to a large area which becomes inaccessible by foot. Artificial intelligence in policing would help to provide the insights in such situation. It can even assist in finding clues after the occurrence of a crime. Besides the camera, the Law Enforcement Agencies rely on video technology too for keeping a close watch on doubtful threats whenever huge crowd gathers. Mostly during festivals and big sporting events AI is used to detect any untoward incident. The use of video technology also enables surveillance through facial recognition, as it helps to identify the faces of people in huge crowd.

Law enforcement also depends on video technology for additional close watch especially in large gatherings like marathons and festivals to be able to detect any suspicious activity or threats. Many police departments have chosen this technology to assist in surveillance for identification of people’s faces through facial recognition. AI helps the police in public places like train stations and sports venues by enhancing monitoring. Artificial intelligence in policing is a big factor in such scenarios since few policemen would be unable to scan a mass gathering, that too with remarkable results.

One more specialization of AI is the use of robots. Many LEAs are nowadays bringing into use physical robots that can carry out multiple tasks. These robots easily perform those tasks which are considered to unsafe for humans. Artificial intelligence in policing is an immensely significant aspect in saving human lives. When robots are operated with the use of AI they can carry out complicated tasks like detonating a bomb. They can also venture into hostile areas to control and recognize any people or object. A robot powered with Artificial Intelligence possesses more refined potential to tackle unlawful condition.

Using AI to Detect Crime

Various tools of AI help the Law Enforcement Agencies to identify doubtful patterns which are not detected by humans. It can be used in predicting the unlawful activities of a criminal through ‘Artificial Neural Networks.’ To achieve such calculations the regulators of security systems link to the data points which exists in millions. These databases comprise of posts on social media, used networks of Wi-Fi or the internet protocol addresses. Nowadays, Artificial intelligence in policing enables detecting crime related to money laundering and other similar frauds.

Besides the use of Artificial intelligence in policing, AI should be used by other organizations to help detecting crime. It can be used to detect goods being transported illegally. A delivery company would make best use of AI to know if a parcel contains any prohibited product. If they trace out any they must inform the same to the authorities of law who will further take relevant action. The medicine stores and the retail stores in order to identify suspicious customer can take help of various AI solutions. If the store owners notice any purchase in significant quantity, of any chemicals or other substances, they have to immediately report it. To curb human trafficking the shipping companies can utilize the potential of AI along with their in-hand data. Thus, they would be able to spot out those containers which are being used to transport human illegally. This would be great step in saving lives of numerous humans.


As the rate of crime is growing, the use of existing programs of Artificial Intelligence is turning out to be of great advantage. These programs help in predicting crime as well as the criminal to larger extent. But, it is also important to make sure that the working structure is rational and translucent. Many researchers are of the opinion that a committee should be constructed at international level to regulate the use of AI. Every country is required to contribute in the development of this AI system. One more aspect needs to be addressed is the preservation of the human rights. It is becoming quite obvious that the law keepers would need more assistance from Artificial Intelligence. It is going to be common practice but it must be made certain that the laws and other codes don’t invade the privileges of human.

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